Sikhism
Our Gurus
OUR GURUS

In Sikh religion the word 'Guru' is not denoted to its usual meaning such as a teacher or an expert or a guide or a human body, but this is composed of two words- GU and RU. GU means darkness and RU means Light i.e. Light that dispels all darkness is called

"If a hundred moons were to come out,
and a thousand suns were to rise;
in spite of all this illumination,
all would be pitch dark without the Guru."
(Guru Angad, 2nd prophet of the Sikhs)
Guru Nanak received a Hukam (commandment) from God instructing him to spread a message of truth based on devotion to One God, honesty, and compassion. The soul of Guru Nanak passed on to nine successors, who elaborated on the first Guru's teachings to give form to this new religion. The final form was given by the tenth and last Guru, Gobind Singh, who started the Sikh initiation ceremony: initiated Sikhs formed a community of saint-soldiers known as Khalsa, the Pure Ones. Guru Gobind Singh also made it clear that, after him, the Guru-eternal for Sikhs would be their holy scripture, Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Guru Nanak Dev jee
    1. GURU NANAK DEV
    Born in 1469 to a Hindu family near the city of Lahore (now a part of Pakistan), Guru Nanak was the under of Sikhism. The young Nanak enjoyed the company of holy men and engaged them in long iscussions about the nature of God. Around the year 1500, Nanak had a revelation from God; and shortly thereafter, he uttered the words:
  • 2. GURU ANGAD DEV
    Guru Angad (31 March 1504 – 28 March 1552) was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born in the village of Sarae Naga in Muktsar District in Punjab on 31 March 1504. The name Lehna was given shortly after his birth as was the custom of his Hindu parents. He was the son of a small but successful trader named Pheru Mal. His mother's name was Mata Ramo (also known as Mata Sabhirai, Mansa Devi and Daya Kaur). 
     
    Guru Angad Dev jee
  • Guru Amar Das jee
    3. GURU AMAR DAS
    Guru Amar Das was the eldest son of Tej Bhan a farmer, trader and of Mata Lachmi. He was a shopkeeper and lived in a village called Basarke near Amritsar. He was married to Mata Mansa Devi and they had four children - two sons named Bhai Mohan and Bhai Mohri and two daughters named Bibi Dani and younger daughter named Bibi Bhani. Bibi Bhani later married Bhai Jetha who became the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das. 
  • 4. GURU RAM DAS
    Guru Ram Das ([??ru ??m d?s]; 1534–1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for seven years. Ram Das was born in Chuna Mandi Lahore, Punjab on 24 September 1534. His father was Hari Das and his mother Anup Devi(Daya Kaur). His wife was Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Guru Amar Das. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Guru Arjan.
    Guru Ram Das jee
  • Guru Arjan Dev jee
    5. GURU ARJAN DEV
    Guru Arjan (15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first martyr of Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, Punjab the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das.
  • 6. GURU HARGOBIND
    Guru Har Gobind,also Saccha Padshah ("True Emperor") (5 July 1595 – 19 March 1644 [1]). According to another tradition, he was born on 5 July 1595. He was the sixth of the Sikh gurus and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev. He was not, perhaps, more than eleven at his father's execution.[2] Before ascension, he nominated Guru Har Rai, his grandson as the next Guru of the Sikhs.
    Guru Hargobind jee
  • Guru Har Rai jee
    7. GURU HAR RAI
    Guru Har Rai 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661) was the seventh of the Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 8 March 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather. Just before his death at age 31, Guru Har Rai Sahib passed the Guru Gaddi to his younger son, the five year old Guru Har Krishan.Guru Har Rai was the son of Baba Gurdita and Mata Nihal Kaur (also known as Mata Ananti). Guru Har Rai married Mata Kishan Kaur, daughter of Daya Ram. He had two sons named Ram Rai and Guru Harkrishan..
  • 8. GURU HAR KRISHAN
    Guru Har Krishan (23 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. After his death, his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs.
    Guru Har Krishan jee
  • Guru Teg Bahadur jee
    9. GURU TEG BAHADUR
    Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 11 November 1675), also known as Hind-di-Chaadar (Protector of India) for protecting Hindus against forced conversion in the hands of Muslims under Aurangzeb, became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 16 April 1664, a position earlier occupied by his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan. Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi[3] for resisting the forced conversions of Hindus in Kashmir, and himself refusing to convert to Islam.
  • 10. GURU GOBIND SINGH
    Born Gobind Rai (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the last of the 10 Sikh Gurus. He succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur as the leader of Sikhs at the young age of nine. Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the living Sikh Gurus, initiated the Sikh Khalsa in 1699,passing the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eleventh and Eternal Sikh Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
    Guru Gobind Singh jee

 

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